"Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990"
"Rilke, Rainer Maria"
"Leonard Bernstein (* 25. August 1918 in Lawrence, Massachusetts; † 14. Oktober 1990 in New York City, New York) war ein US-amerikanischer Komponist, Dirigent und Pianist ukrainisch-jüdischer Abstammung."
"Leonard Bernstein (/ˈbɜːrnstaɪn/; August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. He was among the first conductors born and educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim. According to music critic Donal Henahan, he was \"one of the most prodigiously talented and successful musicians in American history.\" His fame derived from his long tenure as the music director of the New York Philharmonic, from his conducting of concerts with most of the world's leading orchestras, and from his music for West Side Story, Peter Pan, Candide, Wonderful Town, On the Town, On The Waterfront, his Mass, and a range of other compositions, including three symphonies and many shorter chamber and solo works. Bernstein was the first conductor to give numerous television lectures on classical music, starting in 1954 and continuing until his death. He was a skilled pianist, often conducting piano concertos from the keyboard. As a composer he wrote in many styles encompassing symphonic and orchestral music, ballet, film and theatre music, choral works, opera, chamber music and pieces for the piano. Many of his works are regularly performed around the world, although none has matched the tremendous popular and critical success of West Side Story."
"Leonard Bernstein est un compositeur, chef d'orchestre et pianiste américain, né à Lawrence (Massachusetts) le et mort le à New York. Il est notamment l'auteur de la partition de la célèbre comédie musicale West Side Story et fut durant onze années le directeur de l'Orchestre philharmonique de New York."
"Secondo il sondaggio tra cento famosi direttori d'orchestra pubblicato dalla rivista Classic Voice nel dicembre 2011 è considerato il secondo più grande direttore d'orchestra di tutti i tempi dietro a Carlos Kleiber e davanti a Von Karajan e Toscanini. Artista di grande fama internazionale, è stato direttore della New York Symphony Orchestra dell' Orchestra filarmonica d'Israele e dal 1958 al 1968 direttore musicale della New York Philharmonic"