Hypermedia driven REST API for linked bibliographic resources. -- at the moment in test mode

Response

@type: 
"hydra:Collection"
hydra:member: 
id: 
"(DE-588)118675680"
birthYear: 
"1838"
deathYear: 
"1894"
firstName: 
"Baṅkimacandra"
lastName: 
"Caṭṭopādhyāẏa"
label: 
"Caṭṭopādhyāẏa, Baṅkimacandra, 1838-1894"
id: 
"(DE-588)118675788"
birthYear: 
"1864"
deathYear: 
"1957"
firstName: 
"Baishi"
lastName: 
"Qi"
label: 
"Qi, Baishi, 1864-1957"
birthDate: 
"1864-01-01"
deathDate: 
"1957-09-16"
abstract: 
en: 
"Qi Baishi (January 1, 1864 – September 16, 1957) was an influential Chinese painter, noted for the whimsical, often playful style of his watercolor works. Born to a peasant family from Xiangtan, Hunan, Qi became a carpenter at 14, and learned to paint by himself. After he turned 40, he traveled, visiting various scenic spots in China. After 1917 he settled in Beijing. Some of Qi's major influences include the early Qing dynasty painter Bada Shanren (Zhu Da) and the Ming dynasty artist Xu Wei. His pseudonyms include Qí Huáng (齊璜) and Qí Wèiqīng (齐渭清). The subjects of his paintings include almost everything, commonly animals, scenery, figures, toys, vegetables, and so on. He theorized that \"paintings must be something between likeness and unlikeness, much like today's vulgarians, but not like to cheat popular people\". In his later years, many of his works depict mice, shrimp or birds. He was also good at seal carving and called himself \"the rich man of three hundred stone seals\" (三百石印富翁). In 1953 he was elected president of the China Artists Association. He died in Beijing in 1957."
de: 
"Qi Baishi (chinesisch 齐白石/齊白石, Pinyin Qí Báishí, W.-G. Ch'i Pai-shih; Pseudonyme: Qí Huáng (齐璜/齊璜), Qí Wèiqīng (齐渭清/齊渭清), Tschi Pai-schi und Chi Po-shih; * am 22. Tag des 11. Monats des Jahres Tongzhi 2, also am 1. Januar 1864 in Xiangtan, Provinz Hunan, Kaiserreich China; † 16. September 1957 in Peking, Volksrepublik China) war ein bedeutender chinesischer Maler der Moderne."
fr: 
"Qí Báishí (齐白石 - 齊白石; pinyin: Qí Báishí) ou Qi Huang, né la 1er janvier 1864 à Xiāngtán, province du Hunan, en Chine et mort le 16 septembre 1957 à Pékin, est un artiste peintre chinois. À la différence de la majorité des peintres célèbres dans la Chine impériale, ce n'est pas un lettré de formation. Autodidacte, aimant profondément le coin de terre où il était né, il sut apporter une vigueur nouvelle à la peinture-lettrée traditionnelle comme s'il avait su lui insuffler la fraîcheur et la spontanéité de sa jeunesse campagnarde."
id: 
"(DE-588)118675826"
birthYear: 
"1689"
deathYear: 
"1770"
firstName: 
"Gaetano"
lastName: 
"Chiaveri"
label: 
"Chiaveri, Gaetano, 1689-1770"
birthDate: 
"1689"
deathDate: 
"1770-03-05"
abstract: 
de: 
"Gaetano Chiaveri (* 1689 in Rom; † 5. März 1770 in Foligno) war ein italienischer Baumeister und Architekt in der zweiten Phase des Dresdner Barocks."
en: 
"Gaetano Chiaveri (1689 in Rome – 5 March 1770) was an Italian Baroque architect and master builder, most notable for his work as part of the second phase of the Dresden Baroque. His works include the Katholische Hofkirche in Dresden and a new wing of the Royal Castle in Warsaw. In the Russian Empire, he oversaw the construction of the Kadriorg Palace to Nicola Michetti's designs."
it: 
"I suoi lavori più importanti furono condotti nella seconda fase del barocco di Dresda: tra le altre cose progettò la Katholische Hofkirche e l'ala nuova del Castello Reale di Varsavia. Supervisionò inoltre la costruzione del Palazzo Kadriorg su progetto di Nicola Michetti."
id: 
"(DE-588)118676032"
birthYear: 
"1900"
deathYear: 
"1979"
firstName: 
"Martin A."
lastName: 
"Christ"
label: 
"Christ, Martin A., 1900-1979"
alternateName: 
"Martin A. Christ"
"Martin Alfred Christ"
"Martin Christ"
familyName: 
"Christ"
givenName: 
"Martin"
"Martin A."
"Martin Alfred"
id: 
"(DE-588)118676059"
birthYear: 
"1577"
deathYear: 
"1648"
name: 
"Christian"
label: 
"Christian IV, 1577-1648, Dänemark, König"
note: 
"Dänemark, König"
id: 
"(DE-588)118676407"
birthYear: 
"1841"
deathYear: 
"1929"
firstName: 
"Georges"
lastName: 
"Clemenceau"
label: 
"Clemenceau, Georges, 1841-1929"
birthDate: 
"1841-09-28"
deathDate: 
"1929-11-24"
abstract: 
en: 
"Georges Benjamin Clemenceau ([ʒɔʁʒ bɛ̃ʒamɛ̃ klemɑ̃so]; 28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French statesman who led the nation in the First World War. A leader of the Radical Party, he played a central role in politics during the Third Republic. Clemenceau served as the Prime Minister of France from 1906 to 1909, and again from 1917 to 1920. In favour of a total victory over the German Empire, he militated for the restitution of Alsace-Lorraine to France. He was one of the principal architects of the Treaty of Versailles at the France Peace Conference of 1919. Nicknamed \"Père la Victoire\" (Father Victory) or \"Le Tigre\" (The Tiger), he took a harsh position against defeated Germany, though not quite as much as President Poincaré, and won agreement on Germany's payment of large sums for reparations."
de: 
"Georges Benjamin Clemenceau [ʒɔʀʒ bɛ̃ʒaˈmɛ̃ klemɑ̃ˈso] (* 28. September 1841 in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Vendée; † 24. November 1929 in Paris) war ein französischer Journalist, Politiker und Staatsmann der Dritten Republik. Als einer der führenden Vertreter des linksbürgerlichen Parti radical war er von 1906 bis 1909 und noch einmal von 1917 bis 1920 französischer Ministerpräsident. Er trat 1899 als Fürsprecher eines Wiederaufnahmeverfahrens zur Rehabilitierung von Alfred Dreyfus sowie als Befürworter einer harten Politik gegenüber Deutschland nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg hervor."
fr: 
"Georges Benjamin Clemenceau, né le à Mouilleron-en-Pareds (Vendée) et mort le à Paris, est un homme d'État français, radical-socialiste, président du Conseil de 1906 à 1909, puis de 1917 à 1920. Fils de médecin et médecin lui-même, il est maire du 18e arrondissement de Paris puis président du conseil municipal de Paris au début de la Troisième République, ainsi que député en 1871 et de 1876 à 1893, siégeant en tant que républicain radical. Défenseur de l'amnistie pour les Communards, et anticlérical, il prône la séparation des Églises et de l'État et s'oppose à la colonisation, faisant tomber le gouvernement Jules Ferry sur cette question. Fondateur du journal La Justice et de la Société des droits de l'homme et du citoyen, il travaille ensuite à L'Aurore et prend une part active dans la défense du capitaine Dreyfus. Il ne cessa de militer en faveur de la restitution de l'Alsace-Moselle, perdues à la suite de la défaite de 1871. Élu en 1902 sénateur dans le département du Var, bien qu'il ait précédemment critiqué l'institution du Sénat et de la présidence de la République, il est nommé ministre de l'Intérieur en 1906. Se désignant lui-même comme le « premier flic de France », surnommé « le Tigre », il réprime les grèves et met fin à la querelle des inventaires. À la fin de l'année 1906, il devient président du Conseil, fonction qu'il occupe pendant près de trois ans et qu'il cumule avec celle de ministre de l'Intérieur. Retournant ensuite au Sénat, il fonde le journal L'Homme libre, rebaptisé L'Homme enchaîné après avoir essuyé la censure au début de la Première Guerre mondiale. Le , il est de nouveau nommé président du Conseil et forme un gouvernement consacré à la poursuite de la guerre. Partisan farouche d'une victoire totale sur l'Empire allemand, il mena une politique clairement offensive. Il négocie ensuite à la Conférence de paix de Paris et fait promulguer la loi des huit heures. Qualifié de « Père la Victoire » en raison de son action pendant la guerre, très populaire dans l'opinion publique, il renonce néanmoins à se présenter à l'élection présidentielle de janvier 1920 après avoir été mis en minorité lors du vote préparatoire du groupe républicain. Il quitte alors la tête du gouvernement et se retire de la vie politique."
id: 
"(DE-588)118676709"
birthYear: 
"1884"
deathYear: 
"1969"
firstName: 
"Ivy"
lastName: 
"Compton-Burnett"
label: 
"Compton-Burnett, Ivy, 1884-1969"
birthDate: 
"1884-06-05"
deathDate: 
"1969-08-27"
abstract: 
en: 
"Dame Ivy Compton-Burnett, DBE (5 June 1884 – 27 August 1969) was an English novelist, published (in the original hardback editions) as I. Compton-Burnett. She was awarded the 1955 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for her novel Mother and Son. Her subject matter focused on the late-Victorian upper classes. Manservant and Maidservant (1947) is often considered to be her best work."
de: 
"Ivy Compton-Burnett (* 5. Juni 1884 in Middlesex; † 27. August 1969 in London) war eine englische Schriftstellerin."
fr: 
"Ivy Compton-Burnett est une romancière britannique née le 5 juin 1884 à Pinner (Middlesex) et morte le 27 août 1969 à Kensington, Londres."
id: 
"(DE-588)118676733"
birthYear: 
"1357"
deathYear: 
"1419"
name: 
"Blo-bzang-grags-pa"
label: 
"Blo-bzang-grags-pa, 1357-1419"
id: 
"(DE-588)118676768"
birthYear: 
"1852"
deathYear: 
"1925"
firstName: 
"Franz"
lastName: 
"Conrad von Hötzendorf"
label: 
"Conrad von Hötzendorf, Franz, 1852-1925"
birthDate: 
"1852-11-11"
deathDate: 
"1925-08-25"
abstract: 
en: 
"Feldmarschall Franz Xaver Joseph Conrad Graf von Hötzendorf German: Franz Xaver Josef Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf (11 November 1852 – 25 August 1925), sometimes anglicised as Hoetzendorf, was an Austrian Field Marshall and Chief of the General Staff of the armed forces of the Austro-Hungarian Army and Navy 1906-1917. He was the Empire's leading military advisor during the 1914 July Crisis that led to the outbreak of World War I. He argued persuasively for preventive war against Serbia, saying it was needed to hold together his polyglot empire on the verge of breaking down. He later decided that Austria acted too late, and its failure to fight earlier was a fatal mistake. He admitted his army was not ready for war, and therefore emphasized the political necessity. He failed to realize that Germany would force him to put his chief assets on the Russian front, rather than Serbia. Conrad was reluctant to fight Russia, and when Italy entered the war in 1915, he shifted his attention away from Russia toward Italy, the Balkans and the Adriatic. From early 1915 his forces were increasingly dependent on German support and command. Without German support the Austrian army was a spent force.The new Emperor Karl in 1917 dismissed him as Chief of Staff; he commanded an army group on the Italian front until he retired in 1918. Titled Freiherr (usually translated as Baron) since 1910; from 1918 until April 1919 raised to the title of Graf, usually translated as Count; from April 1919 Conrad's official name was Franz Conrad-Hötzendorf, since the Republic of Austria abolished nobility for its citizens by law."
de: 
"Franz (zuletzt Graf) Conrad von Hötzendorf (* 11. November 1852 in Penzing bei Wien; † 25. August 1925 in Mergentheim, Württemberg), war bei Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs 1914 Chef des Generalstabes für die gesamte bewaffnete Macht Österreich-Ungarns, seit 1916 Feldmarschall. Conrad, der zuvor mehrmals vergeblich Präventivkriege der Monarchie gegen Italien und Serbien vorgeschlagen hatte, spielte eine wichtige Rolle in der Julikrise, die zum Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges führte."
it: 
"Fu il capo di Stato Maggiore dell'esercito austroungarico, consigliere di Francesco Ferdinando d'Asburgo-Este, ed acceso sostenitore della guerra contro la Serbia e dell'alleanza con la Germania. Noto per la sanguinosa repressione negli scioperi triestini del 1902 e per la forte ostilità nei confronti degli italiani che considerava la causa della decadenza dell'Impero austro-ungarico, nel 1916 fu lo stratega della fallimentare Strafexpedition, la \"spedizione punitiva\"."
fr: 
"Le baron, puis comte Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf (en allemand : Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf), né le à Penzing, dans la banlieue de Vienne en Autriche, et mort le à Bad Mergentheim, dans le Bade-Wurtemberg en Allemagne, est un aristocrate autrichien qui fut maréchal de l'armée royale et impériale austro-hongroise (KuK) de 1906 à 1918."
id: 
"(DE-588)118676849"
birthYear: 
"1890"
deathYear: 
"1954"
firstName: 
"Duff"
lastName: 
"Cooper"
label: 
"Cooper, Duff, 1890-1954"
id: 
"(DE-588)118677071"
birthYear: 
"1656"
deathYear: 
"1735"
firstName: 
"Robert de"
lastName: 
"Cotte"
label: 
"Cotte, Robert de, 1656-1735"
birthDate: 
"1656"
deathDate: 
"1735-07-15"
abstract: 
de: 
"Robert de Cotte (* 1656 in Paris; † 15. Juli 1735 in Passy bei Paris) war ein französischer Baumeister, Hofbaumeister und Innenausstatter. Er gilt als bedeutendster französischer Baumeister des frühen Rokoko."
en: 
"Robert de Cotte (1656 – 15 July 1735) was a French architect-administrator, under whose design control of the royal buildings of France from 1699, the earliest notes presaging the Rococo style were introduced. First a pupil of Jules Hardouin-Mansart, he later became his brother-in-law and his collaborator. After Hardouin-Mansart's death, de Cotte completed his unfinished projects, notably the royal chapel at Versailles and the Grand Trianon."
fr: 
"Robert de Cotte était un architecte français né en 1656 et mort le à Passy. Il fut l'un des grands architectes français dans la lignée des Mansart (il sera l'élève de Jules Hardouin-Mansart, avant de devenir son beau-frère et son principal collaborateur)."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677144"
birthYear: 
"1801"
deathYear: 
"1877"
firstName: 
"Antoine Augustin"
lastName: 
"Cournot"
label: 
"Cournot, Antoine Augustin, 1801-1877"
id: 
"(DE-588)118677233"
birthYear: 
"1872"
deathYear: 
"1966"
firstName: 
"Edward Gordon"
lastName: 
"Craig"
label: 
"Craig, Edward Gordon, 1872-1966"
birthDate: 
"1872-01-16"
deathDate: 
"1966-07-29"
abstract: 
it: 
"Analizzare il lavoro di Edward Gordon Craig è come esaminare la natura del teatro stesso. Fu attore, scenografo, regista, critico teatrale e teorico. Craig fu tra i primi ad asserire che il regista era ‘il vero artista del teatro'. Craig progettò e costruì elaborate scene simboliche. La sua famosa scenografia composta da «schermi» astratti per l'Amleto, a Mosca, anche se si rivelò poco pratica e necessitò di aggiustamenti tecnici, provocò un grande effetto sul pubblico. Fu anche editore e caporedattore della prima rivista internazionale di teatro, il Mask magazine."
de: 
"Edward Gordon Craig CH OBE, bürgerlich Edward Henry Gordon Godwin, * 16. Januar 1872 in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England; † 29. Juli 1966 in Vence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Frankreich war ein britischer Schauspieler, Regisseur, Bühnenbildner, Grafiker und Autor. Er gilt als einer der wichtigsten Theaterreformer des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sein Name ist eng verbunden mit symbolistischen Strömungen im Theater der Jahrhundertwende, der Stilbühne, das von ihm bereits 1905 entwickelte, 1908 in dem Aufsatz The Actor and the Über-Marionette beschriebene Konstrukt der Über-Marionette – einer überlebensgroßen unbelebten Figur, welche den Schauspieler in einem zukünftigen Theater ersetzen soll – setzte dem Realismus eine artifizielle Stilisierung entgegen. Er war Herausgeber von The Mask (1908–1929) und The Marionnette (1918/1919) sowie Verfasser von Schriften zur Theorie des Theaters."
fr: 
"Edward Gordon Craig dit aussi Gordon Craig, né à Londres le et mort à Vence le , est un acteur, metteur en scène, théoricien et décorateur de théâtre britannique influent. Il est l'un des tous premiers scénographes modernes du XXe siècle."
en: 
"Edward Henry Gordon Craig CH OBE (16 January 1872 – 29 July 1966), sometimes known as Gordon Craig, was an English modernist theatre practitioner; he worked as an actor, director and scenic designer, as well as developing an influential body of theoretical writings. Craig was the son of actress Dame Ellen Terry. The Gordon Craig Theatre, built in Stevenage (the town of his birth), was named in his honour in 1975."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677330"
birthYear: 
"1771"
deathYear: 
"1858"
firstName: 
"Friedrich"
lastName: 
"Creuzer"
label: 
"Creuzer, Friedrich, 1771-1858"
birthDate: 
"1771-03-10"
deathDate: 
"1858-02-16"
abstract: 
de: 
"Georg Friedrich Creuzer (* 10. März 1771 in Marburg; † 16. Februar 1858 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher Philologe, Orientalist und Mythenforscher."
en: 
"Georg Friedrich Creuzer ([ˈkʀɔɪtsɐ]; 10 March 1771 – 6 February 1858) was a German philologist and archaeologist. He was born at Marburg, the son of a bookbinder. After studying at Marburg and at the University of Jena, he went to Leipzig as a private tutor; but in 1802 he was appointed professor at Marburg, and two years later professor of philology and ancient history at Heidelberg. He held the latter position for nearly forty-five years, with the exception of a short time spent at the University of Leiden, where his health was affected by the Dutch climate. He was one of the principal founders of the Philological Seminary established at Heidelberg in 1807. The Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris, appointed him one of its members, and from the Grand Duke of Baden he received the dignity of privy councillor. Creuzer's first and most famous work was his Symbolik und Mythologie der alten Völker, besonders der Griechen (1810–12, 2nd ed. 1819, 3rd ed. 1837), in which he maintained that the mythology of Homer and Hesiod came from an Eastern source through the Pelasgians, and reflected the symbolism of an ancient revelation; as a reconciliation with Judeo-Christian religion, it was, Walter Burkert has said, \"the last large-scale and thoroughly unavailing endeavor of this kind.\" This work ran counter to the ideology of romantic nationalism, which held literature and culture to be intimately connected with a Volk, epitomized by Karl Otfried Müller's concept of a Greek Stammeskultur, a Greek \"tribal culture\". For this and the next generations, \"origins and organic development rather than reciprocal cultural influences became the key to understanding.\" Creuzer's work was vigorously attacked by Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann in his Briefen über Homer und Hesiod, and in his letter, addressed to Creuzer, Über das Wesen und die Behandlung der Mythologie; by Johann Heinrich Voss in his Antisymbolik; and by Christian Lobeck in his Aglaophamus. It was briefly praised, however, by Hegel in his Philosophy of Right. Creuzer's other works include: See the autobiographical Aus dem Leben eines alten Professors (Leipzig and Darmstadt, 1848), to which was added in the year of his death Paralipomena der Lebenskunde eines alten Professors (Frankfurt, 1858); also Starck, Friederich Kreuzer, sein Bildungsgang und seine bleibende Bedeutung (Heidelberg, 1875)."
fr: 
"Georg Friedrich Creuzer, né à Marbourg (Hesse) le 10 mars 1771 et mort à Heidelberg (Bade-Wurtemberg) le 16 février 1858, est un archéologue et philologue allemand. Il fut nommé professeur de philologie et d'histoire ancienne à Heidelberg (1804-1858). Il publia à Leipzig de 1810 à 1812, en allemand, La Symbolique et la mythologie des peuples anciens. Cet ouvrage, que Joseph-Daniel Guigniaut traduisit en le refondant, rendit son nom célèbre par toute l'Europe, mais il souleva en Allemagne une vive polémique. On lui doit en outre un grand nombre de travaux d'histoire et d'archéologie : Il fit paraître en 1848 son autobiographie sous le titre de Vie d'un vieux professeur. Friedrich Creuzer était membre de presque toutes les sociétés savantes d'Europe et associé étranger de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677411"
birthYear: 
"1903"
deathYear: 
"1977"
firstName: 
"Bing"
lastName: 
"Crosby"
label: 
"Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977"
birthDate: 
"1903-05-03"
deathDate: 
"1977-10-14"
abstract: 
fr: 
"Bing Crosby (Harry Lillis Crosby) est un chanteur et acteur américain né le à Tacoma dans l'État de Washington aux États-Unis et mort d'une crise cardiaque le à Madrid en Espagne, à l'âge de 74 ans. Il est associé au courant du jazz vocal et du easy listening. Crosby a joué dans de nombreuses comédies musicales, et a gagné l'Oscar du meilleur acteur en 1944 pour le rôle du Père O'Malley dans La Route semée d'étoiles dirigé par Leo McCarey. Il est aussi devenu l'hôte de deux émissions de radio sur NBC et CBS. Durant sa carrière, Crosby est apparu dans près de 100 films, et a écrit et chanté plus de 1700 chansons, dont 383 furent dans les palmarès \"Top 30\". Le plus grand succès musical de Bing Crosby est sa reprise de \"White Christmas\" (Noël blanc) d'Irving Berlin, une chanson dont il s'est vendu plus de 100 000 000 de copies[réf. nécessaire] et que plus de 400 chanteurs populaires interpréteront à travers le monde après lui. Cette chanson est devenue la chanson la plus chantée et la plus célèbre. La manière de chanter de Bing Crosby a eu beaucoup d'influence sur d'autres chanteurs très connus, tels que Perry Como et Frank Sinatra, à cause du son unique de sa voix de \"crooner\". Crosby pouvait atteindre des notes que même des chanteurs d'opéra trouvaient difficiles à chanter. Ses films ont connu un immense succès grâce à l'accumulation de ses admirateurs dans l'industrie de musique, de films, et de technologie, ce qui fait que sa voix fut plus enregistrée que la voix de n'importe quelle autre vedette. Les ventes de ses disques sont estimées à 500 millions de disques. Bing s'est marié deux fois. De ses femmes, Dixie Lee puis Kathryn Grant, il a eu sept enfants. Trois d'entre eux se suicidèrent, tandis que les autres devinrent des acteurs et des écrivains."
en: 
"Harry Lillis \"Bing\" Crosby, Jr. (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor. Crosby's trademark warm bass-baritone voice made him the best-selling recording artist of the 20th century, having sold over one billion records, tapes, compact discs and digital downloads around the world. The first multimedia star, from 1931 to 1954 Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings, and motion picture grosses. His early career coincided with technical recording innovations such as the microphone. This allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin. Yank magazine recognized Crosby as the person who had done the most for American G.I. morale during World War II and, during his peak years, around 1948, American polls declared him the \"most admired man alive\", ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. Also in 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music. Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way, and was nominated for his reprise of the role in The Bells of St. Mary's opposite Ingrid Bergman the next year, becoming the first of six actors to be nominated twice for playing the same character. In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of the 22 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (a star for motion pictures, radio, and audio recording). Crosby also exerted an important influence on the development of the postwar recording industry. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. Through the medium of recording, Crosby constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship (editing, retaking, rehearsal, time shifting) used in motion picture production, which became the industry standard. In addition to his work with early tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, and co-owned the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team."
de: 
"Harry Lillis „Bing“ Crosby (* 3. Mai 1903 in Tacoma, Washington; † 14. Oktober 1977 in Madrid) war ein US-amerikanischer Sänger und Schauspieler. Mit seiner Bassbariton-Stimme gilt Crosby als einer der erfolgreichsten US-Sänger des 20. Jahrhunderts, sein wohl bekanntestes Lied ist White Christmas. Auch als Schauspieler verzeichnete er Erfolge, 1945 gewann er den Oscar als bester Hauptdarsteller für seine Darstellung eines Pfarrers in Der Weg zum Glück."
it: 
"La sua incisione di White Christmas, la canzone scritta da Irving Berlin, è il singolo più venduto di tutti i tempi."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677446"
birthYear: 
"1526"
deathYear: 
"1607"
firstName: 
"Martin"
lastName: 
"Crusius"
label: 
"Crusius, Martin, 1526-1607"
id: 
"(DE-588)118677527"
birthYear: 
"1859"
deathYear: 
"1906"
firstName: 
"Pierre"
lastName: 
"Curie"
label: 
"Curie, Pierre, 1859-1906"
birthDate: 
"1859-05-15"
deathDate: 
"1906-04-19"
abstract: 
it: 
"Egli fu un pioniere nei campi della cristallografia, del magnetismo, della piezoelettricità e della radioattività. Nel 1903 ricevette il Premio Nobel per la Fisica con sua moglie, Maria Skłodowska, ed Henri Becquerel «a riconoscimento degli straordinari servigi che essi hanno reso grazie alle loro ricerche congiunte sui fenomeni di radioattivi scoperti dal professor Henri Becquerel»."
fr: 
"Pierre Curie ( à Paris - à Paris) est un physicien français. Il est principalement connu pour ses travaux en radioactivité, en magnétisme et en piézoélectricité. Lui et son épouse, Marie Curie, pionniers de l'étude des radiations, reçurent une moitié du prix Nobel de physique de 1903 (l'autre moitié a été remise à Henri Becquerel) « en reconnaissance des services extraordinaires qu'ils ont rendus par leur effort conjoint de recherches sur les phénomènes des radiations découvertes par le professeur Henri Becquerel »."
de: 
"Pierre Curie (* 15. Mai 1859 in Paris; † 19. April 1906 ebenda) war ein französischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger."
en: 
"Pierre Curie (/ˈkjʊri, kjʊˈriː/; [kyʁi]; 15 May 1859 – 19 April 1906) was a French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity. In 1903 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his wife, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, and Henri Becquerel, \"in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel\"."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677551"
birthYear: 
"1808"
deathYear: 
"1872"
firstName: 
"Moses Ashley"
lastName: 
"Curtis"
label: 
"Curtis, Moses Ashley, 1808-1872"
birthDate: 
"1808-05-11"
deathDate: 
"1872-04-10"
abstract: 
en: 
"Moses Ashley Curtis (11 May 1808 – 10 April 1872) was a noted American botanist."
fr: 
"Moses Ashley Curtis est un botaniste et un mycologue américain, né le 11 mai 1808 à Stockbridge dans le Massachusetts et mort le 10 avril 1872 à Hillsboro. Il est le fils de Jared Curtis et de Thankful née Ashley. Il est diplôme au William College en 1827. Il se marie le 3 décembre 1834 avec Mart de Rosset. Il est ordonné prêtre de l’église épiscopale en 1835 et devient missionnaire en Caroline du Nord jusqu’en 1837. De 1837 à 1839, il enseigne à l’école de l’église épiscopale de Raleigh. De 1841 à 1847, Curtis est pasteur à Hillsboro, puis à Society Hill jusqu’en 1856, avant de revenir à Hillsboro où il exerce jusqu’à sa mort. Durant ses nombreux voyages en Caroline du Nord, il étudie les plantes et particulièrement les champignons. Il est notamment l’auteur de la troisième partie, consacrée à la botanique, de Natural History Survey of Noth America."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677578"
birthYear: 
"1769"
deathYear: 
"1832"
firstName: 
"Georges"
lastName: 
"Cuvier"
label: 
"Cuvier, Georges, 1769-1832"
birthDate: 
"1769-08-23"
deathDate: 
"1832-05-13"
abstract: 
de: 
"Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron de Cuvier (eigentlich Jean-Léopold-Nicholas Frédéric Cuvier; * 23. August 1769 in Mömpelgard; † 13. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Naturforscher."
en: 
"Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier ([kyvje]; 23 August 1769 – 13 May 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the \"Father of paleontology\". Cuvier was a major figure in natural sciences research in the early 19th century and was instrumental in establishing the fields of comparative anatomy and paleontology through his work in comparing living animals with fossils. Cuvier's work is considered the foundation of vertebrate paleontology, and he expanded Linnaean taxonomy by grouping classes into phyla and incorporating both fossils and living species into the classification. Cuvier is also known for establishing extinction as a fact—at the time, extinction was considered by many of Cuvier's contemporaries to be merely controversial speculation. In his Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813) Cuvier was interpreted to have proposed that new species were created after periodic catastrophic floods. In this way, Cuvier became the most influential proponent of catastrophism in geology in the early 19th century. His study of the strata of the Paris basin with Alexandre Brongniart established the basic principles of biostratigraphy. Among his other accomplishments, Cuvier established that elephant-like bones found in the USA belonged to an extinct animal he later would name as a mastodon, and that a large skeleton dug up in Paraguay was of Megatherium, a giant, prehistoric ground sloth. He named the pterosaur Pterodactylus, described (but did not discover or name) the aquatic reptile Mosasaurus, and was one of the first people to suggest the earth had been dominated by reptiles, rather than mammals, in prehistoric times. Cuvier is also remembered for strongly opposing the evolutionary theories of Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Cuvier believed there was no evidence for the evolution of organic forms, but rather evidence for successive creations after catastrophic extinction events. In 1830, Cuvier and Geoffrey engaged in a famous debate, which is said to exemplify the two major deviations in biological thinking at the time - whether animal structure was due to function or morphology. Cuvier supported function and rejected Geoffrey's Lamarckian thinking. This debate is generally considered to have been won by Cuvier. His most famous work is Le Règne Animal (1817; English: The Animal Kingdom). In 1819, he was created a peer for life in honor of his scientific contributions. Thereafter, he was known as Baron Cuvier. He died in Paris during an epidemic of cholera. Some of Cuvier's most influential followers were Louis Agassiz on the continent and in America, and Richard Owen in England. His name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower."
fr: 
"Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier, dit Georges Cuvier, (il porte aussi les prénoms de Dagobert et de Chrétien selon les sources) ( à Montbéliard - à Paris), est un anatomiste français, promoteur de l'anatomie comparée et de la paléontologie au XIXe siècle."
id: 
"(DE-588)118677594"
name: 
"Cyrillus"
label: 
"Cyrillus, 312-386, Hierosolymitanus"
note: 
"Hierosolymitanus"
hydra:totalItems: 
591658
hydra:view: 
hydra:search: 
@type: 
"hydra:IriTemplate"
hydra:variableRepresentation: 
"BasicRepresentation"
hydra:mapping: 
@type: 
"IriTemplateMapping"
variable: 
"q"
property: 
"_all"
required: 
false
@type: 
"IriTemplateMapping"
variable: 
"fields"
property: 
"_fields"
required: 
false